Oncologists are doctors who have specialized in the study and treatment of cancer. This disease has a high mortality rate. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015 alone, as many as 8.8 million people died from cancer. Cancer occurs in many developing countries, including Indonesia. As such, it is only natural that this deadly disease has received much special attention in the world of medicine.
With the expertise of specialist doctors, including Dr. Josua Partogi Saing, Sp.B(K)Onk, cancer can be treated through surgery, such as by the removal of tumor tissue and biopsy. In addition to providing treatment, cancer specialists also provide recommendations tailored to the patient’s needs, evaluating treatment results, and assessing the patient’s condition after treatment. In circumstances where the patient requires special treatment, the oncologist will work with specialists in other areas to help facilitate the treatment process.
Medical treatments that can be performed by the oncologist include:
Chemotherapy is performed by injecting various drugs into the body to destroy the cancer cells and prevent future cancer cell growth from occurring.
Radiotherapy uses high-frequency radiation to kill cancer cells.
- Bone marrow transplant
This medical procedure is aimed at renewing bone marrow that has been damaged by the cancer cell growth. This procedure is commonly used in the treatment of blood cancers such as lymphoma, myeloma, and leukemia.
Surgery is regularly used to treat various types of cancer. This procedure involves removing the cancerous tissue from the body.